The look: Turkeman rugs from Iran are characterised by their geometric patterns. The repeated motif “gul” (“flower”) is a traditional and popular design Turkeman representation.
The general feel for quality: The quality of Turkeman rugs varies. The older rugs (knotted before circa 1940’s) are very good. Fine newer Turkeman rugs are more rare, since some of the newer rugs have a less knots (kpsi) with chemical dyes instead of using authentic vegetable dyes.
Watch out for: Turkeman rugs can be mistaken for bokara rug copies.
Shape and style: Turkeman rugs come in different sizes and majority of them are in smaller sizes (2×3 to 4×6 feet). You can also find some larger rugs up to mid-size (4×6 to 8×10 feet).
Color: Dark reds, browns, and accent colors dominate Turkeman rugs. You can find blue background in Turkeman rugs in more rare pieces.
Pile texture: Soft wool, thin, tight piles.
Foundation: Warps are mostly cotton, wefts are wool.
Solomon’s finest sources: The majorty of the Turkeman tribes of Iran live in the north and northwest.
As Marco Polo said in the 13th century “Here they make the most exquisite and beautiful rugs in the world.” Turkeman hand loomed rug for many centuries.
Rug weaving is one of the oldest arts in TURKMENISTAN and the region. Archeological data places carpet making on the territory of TURKMENISTAN as early as the 6th century B.C. The remains of a carpet which archeologists found in the 1940’s at Altai is two-thousand five hundred years old. It took centuries for these designs to develop, and the decoration of the carpets is extremely original, reflecting stylized articles of the real world surrounding nomadic livestock-breeders. Ornaments are geometric, and love of deep, rich red is an artistic tradition of the carpets. The art of carpet weaving was passed from generation to generation and today one can single out several types of Turkmen carpets, each having individual ornamentation.
Akhal Teke Horse
TURKMEN are famous not only for their beautiful oriental rugs, but also for their famous Akhal-teke horse. These horses originate from Turkmen Sahara Desert in northwest Iran. Horses from here have been used as cavalry mounts and race horses for thousands of years.