The look: Bijars see both medallion and all over patterns with multiple borders.
The general feel for quality: Nicknamed the “iron rug”, Bijars are counted among the best Oriental rugs for everyday use with a sophisticate blend of beautifully woven designs and extremely tough and strong make. Newer Bijar rugs are still of excellent design and construction. The majority of Bijar rugs have Turkish knots (although knotted in Iran). However, Persian knotted pieces are found in highly valued Bijars. Persian-knotted Bijars are examples of the fine rugs you will find at Solomon’s.
Watch out for: The Bijar rug can be copied from tribes settled near Bijar, such as Afshar. These “Bijar Afshars” and other neighboring Bijar pieces typically use less artisan workmanship and less density (e.g. less knots, less wefts, etc.). The quality discrepancy can be easily noticed when placed side by side with an authentic Bijar.
Shape and style: The Bijar rug has different sizes, even from between 1′ 0″ x 1′ x 6″ upwards. Large pieces of 8′ x 10′ and over are common.
Color: Ground colors are harmonious, a product of the blending of subtle pattern shades. Dark blue and a strong red predominate. Brown and yellow are also used but green is rare.Some old Bijars are woven with combinations of light and dark blue.
Pile texture: A very dense hard pile, cut medium to high, although old and antique finely woven pieces tend to be clipped lower.
Foundation: Warps are of cotton or, less frequently, goat’s wool. Weft are cotton and both warp and weft yarns are tightly spun. In old and antique pieces warps and wefts are of wool. Bijars are usually double-wefted, an important characterstic which helps to make them known as the strong “iron rug.”
Solomon’s finest sources: Bijar is one of the fertile areas of Kurdestan. Its climate in winter is cold and dry and is moderate in summer. In the Kurdish language the willow tree is called ‘Bi’ and the area of such trees is called ‘Bijar.’ Thus because of abundance of willow trees, it means the region of willows. Although the small Kurdish town of BIJAR in the province of Kermanshah has hardly ten thousand inhabitants, the high quality of its carpets has gained it an international reputation. Concern for this reputation for high quality has led to the clear distinction between the products of the BIJAR town workshops and the Tekab-BIJAR, which are woven by an Afshari tribe (see the Watch-Out For section) who are settled in the area.